When deciding on which seeds to buy, there are a number of specific factors that you need to take into account before purchasing those pricey seeds. The first factor, as already mentioned, is your local climate. Become well acquainted with the climate in your area – this means more than just living in it. You should know the year’s average weather patterns and temperatures. Remember, you are essentially predicting what the weather will be like for this future growing season, so if you predict incorrectly, then you won’t come out with a good final result. The success of your plants depends on your good research.
While other factors, such as personal preference, are also due for consideration, the climate is by far the most important one to consider when choosing marijuana seeds. Different strains thrive in different climates and under different weather patterns, so you should not only understand the local climate you should also know how different marijuana strains will interact with that type of climate.
If you live in the north, would it make sense to buy seeds that come from around the equator? Probably not. You will need to consider which seeds are best for your particular climate, as well as the seeds that thrive best in hot climates, and the ones that grow well in cold climates. You will also need to think about seasonal changes and how strains differ from region to region.
The three primary cannabis strains Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis. We will cover the specifics of these three strains later in the article.
The best seeds for your climate
When deciding which strain to use for your particular climate, you should definitely keep in mind how marijuana strains evolved to begin with. Strains that came about in tropical areas of the world, for example, have some basic physical traits that set them apart from other strains of marijuana. These marijuana plants have noticeably smaller leaves but a high number of flowers. Strains that come from Central Asia or the Middle East, however, have bigger leaves, and their buds are denser than other strains.
The reason for these physical differences has to do with the differences in the intensity and consistency of available exposure to sunlight. Larger leaves indicate that their region has less sunlight availability, since it evolved to have the greatest surface area possible in order to absorb the greatest amount of sunlight that does come through. Smaller leaves, however, reflect an area with intense and consistent sunlight, given the fact that they absorb plenty of sunlight to perform all the regular functions without expanding their leaf sizes.
These differences are extremely important for growers when deciding which strain to choose to grow. If you know what kind of climate a strain originates from, then you can obtain a pretty good idea as to how well it will do in your particular environment. More tips in my free grow bible.
Specific differences between indica, sativa, and ruderalis
Let’s go through some of the more specific differences among Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis cannabis strains. Each has their own specific qualities that will make them better or worse for your climate and growing area, as well as the type of weed you might prefer to end up with, so pay close attention to get a better idea of what type of seeds you should purchase.
Indica marijuana, or Cannabis Indica, has its origins in areas of the world such as Kashmir, Morocco, Afghanistan, and Tibet. Indica plants are generally on the short side (between 3 and 6 feet tall), with broad, rounded, marble-patterned leaves. They are even greener in color than other marijuana strains, and they have dense, bushy foliage. Sometimes they even appear a dark blue-green color that looks purplish. This purplish undertone sometimes becomes even more pronounced as the plant matures, and the resulting buds are thick and heavy. Indicas have a shorter growing season than Sativas, making them an ideal choice for northern locations with shorter summers.
A high created by an Indica plant is pretty heavy, with its effects felt mostly in the body. Consumers generally feel extremely relaxed physically, to the point of almost feeling hypnotized. It has a skunk-like smell and characteristic taste.
Sativa marijuana, or Cannabis Sativa, stands in sharp contrast to Indica plants. They stem from tropical regions in the world, such as Mexico, Colombia, and Thailand. That being said, they handle cold temperatures surprisingly well. Unlike Indicas, Sativas are tall (between 8 and 12 feet tall) and slender, with pointed, thin leaves that don’t have any particular pattern on them. They are usually a much lighter green color than Indicas.
The maturation of Sativa buds brings on interesting coloration. At first they become red in color, but after a while don’t be surprised to see purple instead. Depending on the strain, a Sativa plant might start looking gold or yellow. Weed from a Sativa plant is often described as spicy, fruity, or sweet in both taste and smell. A high from Sativa weed is energetic and cerebral, possibly making it preferable for daytime use.
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Ruderalis plants, or Cannabis Ruderalis, are not grown as often by personal growers who want to smoke weed from their plants. These small plants are used for hemp in order to make clothes or rope, as well as for the possibility of producing autoflowering marijuana plants.
Ruderalis is generally grown in the Himalayas (specifically, the northern part of the Himalayas) and some former Soviet areas, as well as some Midwestern states in the US. It grows in the wild in countries such as Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, and other countries in the region. It doesn’t work for achieving a high and is therefore never grown for that purpose. It looks scant and weedy and is not often cultivated by humans due to its low THC level.
Occasionally, however, Ruderalis marijuana plants are grown for their medicinal properties. While low in THC, another cannabinoid has a high presence — cannabidiol. Ruderalis plants are generally resistant to pests and disease, and when cross bred with Indica plants they can produce autoflowering marijuana plants that are high in THC.
The name is self-explanatory. Hybrid marijuana plants are ones that are some resulting combination of Sativas and Indicas, generally to get the best of both worlds – in terms of the type of high. While every hybrid strain is going to have some sort of Sativa qualities and some Indica qualities, each hybrid is unique in exactly which qualities these are and which are the strongest ones.
You can tell what type of hybrid you have by inspecting the fan leaves’ “fingers.” If they are wide, your plant is mostly Indica. If they are thin, however, then the plant is more Sativa than Indica. Hybrid strains are often created with climate and growing season in mind, crossing the two in a way that makes the maturation time period longer or shorter. It’s important to note that Sativas take a longer time to mature than Indicas, so the hybrid should be created accordingly.
Best strains for hot climates
There are some specific strains that you should be aware of if you are living and growing your marijuana plants in a hot outdoor climate. The following list will give you an idea of some of the best options available.
As its name implies, this strain will end up with weed that has a fruity, blueberry flavor and a euphoric high that is long lasting. Blueberry marijuana plants grow best in hot, sunny, or Mediterranean climates. Florida, Mexico, and Spain are some prime examples of a good climate for Blueberry marijuana plants. The plants will be short, dense, and will include red, purple, and blue hues.
Known for its high potency, and included in every coffeeshop in Amsterdam, White Widow provides a strong, energetic, social high. The seeds themselves are user-friendly for beginner growers, although they grow best in places with climates similar to California, Italy or Australia. White Widows are often popular for growing because of their high yields and ease.
Amnesia Haze provides a brain-focused high. As its name implies, smoking Amnesia Haze is hazy and flowery, making the high both strong and mellow. The plant itself will have lime green buds covered in crystals. Its preferred climate is found in places like Texas, New Zealand, and Colombia.
Best strains for cold climates
If you are in a colder climate and would like to grow marijuana plants outside, you will find that it isn’t going to be too difficult to find the right seeds to do so successfully. Specifically, residents of northern Europe, northern United States and Canada will want to look into the following seed options.
Super Skunk provides a strong buzz that affects you entirely while still remaining clear. It has a strong flavor and is quite aromatic, as the name illustrates. The plant is light green but has distinctive brown hairs, and it flowers extremely quickly and is, therefore, suitable for locations like Canada, Oregon, and England.
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Strawberry Kush has a head-focused high that nicely combines with the Indica, body-focused high. The plant flowers quite quickly, and its buds will change color regardless of the temperature. Places like Washington, the Netherlands, and the UK are ideal locations for growing Strawberry Kush.
Known for its strong citrus-sour-lemony flavor, OG Kush has the highest THC level of any Kush strain. The plant has droves of heavy buds, making the harvest time a breeze for growers. OG Kush plants are particularly useful in cold climates such as Minnesota, England, and Sweden.
Making the right choice
After all this information, deciding on one strain for your outdoor garden may seem like a daunting task. You already should have a better idea of what type of strain will grow best in your particular climate, but, of course, there are other important factors to consider as well.
One main thing to think about is the type of high you would like to achieve with the weed you harvest. If you are a cannabis connoisseur, then you know there are distinct differences in a high coming from smoking different strains. It is important to consider the type of high you want to have, and you must factor that into your final decision on which seeds to buy.
What type of high do you prefer, and what effects from a high would you like to avoid? Would you prefer a slow working, sleepy high, or an energizing, fast one? Would you particularly like to avoid headaches or paranoia, or perhaps getting a sore throat? Bad highs are equally important to think about as good ones.
The best way to accomplish getting seeds that will give you the goods you want is to take the seeds from specific weed that you have actually smoked before. Getting the seeds is quite easy and can be done online, but ensure the offer is a legitimate, reliable one. The genes will make a huge difference in how your marijuana (and the resulting high from the weed) will turn out, so don’t underestimate the importance of this process.
Thanks for reading. Please leave comments or questions below and don’t forget to download my free grow bible.